Some points about the working of Nidhi Companies in India, as mentioned in Rule-6 of the “Nidhi Rules of 2014”, are important to be noted:
1. It cannot carry any of the following kinds of transactions. Such as leasing finance, hire purchase finance, chit fund, insurance, or acquisition of securities issued by any corporation.
2. It cannot accept deposits from or give loans to some external individual or corporation.
3. A Nidhi Company is not empowered to issue preference shares, debentures, or some other debt instruments in any form.
4. Companies Act 2013 and Nidhi Rules 2014 act as the governing bodies, which regulate the functions and operations of a “Nidhi Company” in India.
5. A “Nidhi Company” does not come under the purview of RBI. Therefore, it does not need any license from RBI to operate a loan business.
6. It is not entitled to perform either a “vehicle finance business or microfinance business” in India.
7. Within 12 months of registration, the number of members must be at least 200.
8. A maximum interest rate of 20% p.a. (calculated by the reducing balance method) can be charged.
9. The maximum rate of interest that can be offered on savings deposit account shall not exceed 2% above the rate offered by Nationalised Banks.
10. Nidhi Company can accept FD, RD & savings and can earn an interest of 12.5% currently.
11. The rate of interest that can be offered on Fixed and Recurring Deposits shall not exceed the maximum rate of interest prescribed by RBI for the NBFCs to be offered on deposits. The maximum limit for the rate of interest for NBFCs is also applicable to the Nidhi companies.
12. It’s operations must be limited to the district level for the first 3 Years. After completion of 3 years, 3 offices can be set up within the same district. For expansion out of the district, prior approval from the “Regulator Director” is required.
13. It can only give loans against security. These securities may be Gold, Property, Fixed Deposits, Government Securities, or Life Insurance Certificates.
14. Unencumbered deposits (Deposits which aren’t offered as securities for any purpose) should not be less than 10 % of outstanding deposits.
15. Filing of Annual Accounts, Audit, and Tax Returns, in the proper format, is compulsory.