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The ‘Professional tax’ is a tax, which is levied on all kinds of professions, trades, and employment, and its applicability is based on the income of such-

  • Profession,
  • Trade, and
  • Employment.

The State Government levies professional tax and it varies from state to state. To govern the professional tax of the particular state, every state has its laws and regulations. However, all the states do follow a slab system based on the income to levy professional tax. Further, Individuals carrying on freelancing business without any employees are required to obtain Professional tax certificate subject to the pecuniary threshold if any, provided by the respective State Authorities.

 A person has to pay a tax of around Rs. 2500 every year to the state or any local authority by way of Tax on the profession, trades, callings, and employments. Professional Tax is just like Income Tax, but the Central Government and Professional Tax collect the income tax managed by the State Government. The tax rates differ across all states, however, the maximum amount that can be levied as professional tax is ₹2,500 per annum.

There Are Two Types Professional Tax Certificates:-

  • PTEC (Professional Tax Enrollment Certificate):

This is paid by the business entity, owner or a professional i.e. Private/ Public Limited Company, Sole Proprietor, Director Etc.

  • PTRC: (Professional Tax Registration Certificate):

Government or Non- Government employer deducts the tax from the employee’s wages and deposit the same to the government.

Note- A professional tax imposed is subject to the exemption provided by the respective State to particular categories.

Professional Tax Rate

The maximum amount an individual needs to pay as Professional Tax is Rs. 2500. The slab amount is generally based on the gross income of the professional. It happens to be deducted from his/ her income every month by the employer. The following state governments levy professional Tax in India:

Karnataka, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Assam, Chhatisgarh, Kerala, Meghalaya, Orissa, Tripura, and Madhya Pradesh.

The amount deducted as Professional Tax by the employer from the salary/ wages has to deposit the same amount with the state Government.

Professional Tax Registration

The application for registration of Professional Tax must be submitted to the State Tax Department within 30 days of employing staff in a business. If there is more than one place of work, the application must be made separately to each authority considering the place of work coming under that authority's jurisdiction.

If there's a delay in Professional Tax, it can lead to a penalty of Rs. 5 per day. On non-payment or late payment, there will be a penalty of 10% of the Tax if there's the late filing of returns, a penalty of Rs. Three hundred will be imposed.


Professional Tax in India is applicable for the individuals and entities mentioned here :

Companies, Firms, Limited Liability Partnerships, Corporation, Societies, Huf, Associations, Clubs, Legal Practitioners, contractors, Architects, Engineers, Insurance Agents, Chartered Accountants, Company Secretaries, Surveyors, Tax consultants, management professionals as well as medical representatives such as doctors, etc.

Who is Exempted from paying Professional Tax?

The professional tax rules provide exemptions for a few individuals; the exemptions are different based on the state you belong to. The professional tax rules provide exemptions to the following:

  • Ex-serviceman
  • Individuals serving in the Central Para Military Force (CPMF)
  • People who run educational Institutions teaching up to class 12
  • Handicaps with at least 40% disability. A relevant Certificate must be submitted.
  • Any person who has a permit for a single three-wheeler or a single taxi to carry goods.
  • Individuals who are deaf, dumb, and blind are earning a salary.
  • Civilians as well as non-civilian members from the armed forces.
  • Technicians from foreign countries who are employed by the state

Procedure of Professional Tax Registration

Procedure for Professional Tax registration is a State-specific query. Further, depending on the State’s requirement, Professional tax returns also need to be filed at specified intervals. Professionals/Employer seeking professional tax registration shall follow these steps:-

  • Step-1- Filing The Application Online

The applicant can apply online through the CTD portal of specific state.

  • Step-2-Filing The Form Along With The Requisite Documents

The applicant shall file the form along with the requisite document.

Applying In Offline Mode

One can also apply offline by submitting the application form along with the requisite documents and prescribed fee to the concerned State Government.

  • Step-3-Submit Hard Copy

Once the applicant applied for registration, he/she should submit the physical copy to the concerned tax department.

  • Step-4- Scrutinization By The Tax Authority

On receipt of an application, the tax authority shall scrutinize it for its correctness.

  • Step-5- Issuance Of Registration Certificate

After scrutinization, if the authority gets satisfied, it shall approve the same and issue the registration certificate to the applicant. In case if the department found a flaw in the application, it can definitely raise a queries that shall be responded on time.


For Professional Tax registrations, below mentioned documents are required-

  • Acknowledgement of the online form, along with the print out of the digital form submitted.
  • In case, the applicant is Company- COI, AOA & MOA, and PAN of the company. (Attested by the Director).
  • Identity proof and address proof of all directors along with the passport size photo.
  • Bank account details of the Company along with a bank statement and canceled cheque.
  • Proof of Registered Office. However, in the case of rented property-NOC from the owner.
  • In case of a company-Board Resolution and In case of Partnership- the Declaration of consent by the concerned Partner is required.
  • Salary and attendance register.


Below mentioned are the benefits of Professional Tax, which are as follows:-

  • Imposes Minimal Restriction

Professional tax is simple to comply with and the compliances relating to professional tax impose very few restrictions.

  • Avoid Penalty

Professional tax payment is a legal requirement, and hence ignoring it can result in any penalty or prosecution. To avoid this penalty and prosecution, the self-employed person and employer pay their professional tax without any delay, as per the rates prescribed by their concerned state.

  • Easy Registered

Professional tax is easy to get registered with simplified annual or monthly compliances.

  • Implementing Welfare & Development Programs

The Professional Tax is a source of revenue for the state governments which helps in implementing schemes for the various welfare and development of the region

  • Can Get Professional Help

You will never have to deal with all your tax-related issues on your own again. Since you have tax professionals helping you with your tax-related work, you will never be alone again when it comes to your tax woes!

  • Can Claim Deduction

The deduction can be claimed of earlier paid professional tax on salary.

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